1- What would be the best way to learn posix with focus on BSD's, shell and Perl?
2- Is there another language for sysadmins besides shell and Perl?
3- What is the best way to navigate the FreeBSD source code?
4- What are the languages most used in FreeBSD development?
PS.: I'm not a developer...
I'm experimenting with data filtering use some of console programs and found weird behaviour with piping STDOUT of GNU grep to /dev/null.
File test is 10Gb of data (apache log).
$ /usr/bin/time -h ggrep 'GET' test > /dev/null
0,00s real 0,00s user 0,00s sys
HI, FreeBSD Gurus !
Please suggest me tool/sys utility/script that :
- constantly running in a background under root privilege;
- saving local-attached terminal (monitor on server's VGA output, no any GUI used) screenshot to destination folder;
- periodically (hourly or daily, or certain day of...
I know that for a long time, the standard advice for the default root shell was "don't change it" (which I learned many years ago when I got myself into a mess after having changed it 😛). Is that still the case? I seem to remember that the issue was that if you changed it to, say...
is there any way to prevent the system from printing to vt?
It's quite annoying when I edit files in vi or ed and the system suddenly tells me that a USB device has disconnected, overwriting the interactive shell.
The same goes for services like samba_service.
Can anyone tell me how to...
This has to have a simple answer somewhere but cannot seem to find it for FreeBSD specifically.
Given this input:
I want to determine that this date is invalid. I first turned to the date utility:
echo $DT ; date -j -f '%Y.%m.%d' $DT ; echo $?
Wed Mar 2 15:56:22...
I have been writing a bunch of shell scripts that essentially wrap existing commands so I don't need to remember the intricate details for most of what I want to do.
I have a shell script that essentially builds parameters to call another executable. Some of the arguments should not be...
Please, give me an advice,
how to set the / for my script, to it accidentally no to "bound out" the borders of my "program" that consist of a lot of a sh scripts.
Should I choose the "chroot" for this?
Hello, I'm trying to understand the process of starting scripts and understand shell itself.
I would like to ask:
what is $rc_fast_and_loose?
if [ -n "$rc_fast_and_loose" ]; then
set $_arg; . $_file
what is -n here? is it
True if the length of "STRING" is non-zero. ?
I did a find / -name 'XXX' and the output is insane. It lists every file and the list never ends (I had to Ctrl-C to stop it).
How can I view the results meaningfully? For example, I'd like to limit to the result to appear only for, say the top-level (or top 2nd or 3rd level) directories only...
I think I asked this question sometime ago, but I can't find the answer when searching for it. Anyway...
First, I think I know the difference for startup shell scripts located in /etc/rc.d and /usr/local/etc/rc.d. The former is for system scripts while the latter is for user-installed scripts...
I'm using FreeBSD version: 11.3-RELEASE-p14, Shell version: tcsh 6.20.00 (Astron) 2016-11-24 (x86_64-amd-FreeBSD) options wide, nls, dl,al, kan, sm, rh, color, filec and trying to use cut to harvest fields in a string variable, with no success.
Why does sed exaust "sed: rename(): Not a directory" called
sed -i ~ 's/^\#\+\(PermitRootLogin\) .*$/\1 yes/g' /etc/ssh/sshd_config
The manual states:
Edit files in-place similarly to -I, but treat each file
independently from other files. In...
I would like one of my hosts to broadcast occasional periodic signals to a shell script running on other host(s) on the same LAN.
I'm currently reading about various IoT protocols, but I'm wondering what the more traditional approaches were for this kind of messaging.
Ideally, I'd want some...
I'd liked to use the 'a' function of sed to append something after a given line in a file.
For instance, I want to add "ListenAddress xx.xx.xxx.xxx" after the line that begins with "#ListenAddress" in a copy of sshd_config:
Using sh I do:
# sed -E -i ""...
If I execute the command:
setenv PATH "/sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/root/bin:/root/.cargo/bin"
after going into the jail by "jexec 1", it would work. However, I'd like to make it sticky. I tried many ways but nothing works.
Further, preferably, I'd like to do...
How would I change the text color in shells/ion shell?
The color for some texts is too similar to the background on my display.
From the directory, /usr/local/share/doc/ion/:
variables/07-namespaces.md has a lot of information on color schemes for Ion.
When I switch to a...
I'm trying to extract from a tarball. (I don’t need help with that.)
But I get this nonsense:
Pathname can’t be converted from UTF-8 to current locale
When I enter the command locale the LANG= line is empty.
Yup! everything that's easy in any version of linux is like being...
FreeBSD 12.1 - Updated System & "su" root user no longer shows email@example.com; blank #
I am not sure what happened or how to revert the changes that a system "pkg upgrade" did to my installation.
I used to ssh in and get firstname.lastname@example.org ... then issue "su" and get "email@example.com" ; now it's...