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    Solved Router(s) not forwarding packets to default gateway(s)

    I have a FreeBSD router that doesn't seem to be forwarding packets to its default gateway, and I can't see why that might be. Here's a diagram of the network: I would like to get traffic from client -> router1 -> gateway -> internet. client is able to ping router1, and router1 is able to ping...
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    Solved Building a networking lab with FreeBSD 13 in VirtualBox; virtual LAN unable to ping

    I'm trying to build a multi-router setup in VirtualBox using FreeBSD machines as the routers. I have two VMs, router-1 and router-2, which are on the same subnet and are able to ping one another. router-1 has a bridge interface with the host machine and is able to ping the wider internet. It...
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    pf in a Jail

    I have a vnet jail for my physical NIC. In order to start the pf service in that jail, I had to add a devfs.rule to unhide /dev/pf. I also have wireguard jails which I intend to do the same, and connect them to my NIC-jail. (everything is vnet). Does anyone know if this is a bad idea? Will...
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    Series of Jails as Gateways/Tunnels ... Question re IP/netmasks

    I'm creating a series of network gateway/tunnels with vnet and jails (FreeBSD 12.1p8). The topology looks something like this: NICjail: Contains the physical NIC (igb0), bridge0, and epair members for connection to other tunnel jails (VPNs, Tor, I2P). VPN1jail: Connects to NICjail via epair...