Cellular - Wireless - 3G Modem Installation

Stuff that plugs in via USB, FireWire, eSATA, PS/2, etc.

Cellular - Wireless - 3G Modem Installation

Postby acottag » 31 Mar 2010, 14:31

Hello!

I am installing a 3g modem.

Once logged as root and I give the command
[CMD=#]tail /var/log/messages[/CMD]
I got the follwoing set of messages:
Code: Select all
Mar 31 14:34:05 Vega@acottag kernel: Root mount waiting for: usbus1
Mar 31 14:34:05 Vega@acottag last message repeated 2 times
Mar 31 14:34:05 Vega@acottag kernel: uhub1: 8 ports with 8 removable, self powered
Mar 31 14:34:05 Vega@acottag kernel: Trying to mount root from ufs:/dev/ad0s1a
Mar 31 14:35:20 Vega@acottag login: ROOT LOGIN (root) ON ttyv0
Mar 31 14:35:27 Vega@acottag root: Unknown USB device: vendor 0x16d5 product 0x6501 bus uhub0
Mar 31 14:35:27 Vega@acottag kernel: ugen0.2: <AnyDATA Corporation> at usbus0
Mar 31 14:35:27 Vega@acottag kernel: ubsa0: <Data Interface> on usbus0


From the last 3 messages I get to know data on the modem.

How may get to know if the modem is installed?

Thanks in advance.

* This thread is started as part of a project for documention on Cellular Modem installation and Configuration; please see http://forums.freebsd.org/showthread.php?t=12801
acottag
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Posts: 13
Joined: 27 Mar 2010, 14:03

Postby acottag » 01 Apr 2010, 17:37

Here go the steps to make in order to check if the modem is working with the computer.

Step 1 - Identify new device node name when plugging modem usb cable.
---------------------------------------------------------------------

Type [cmd=]tail /var/log/messages[/cmd] at shell prompt:
[cmd="Vega@acottag#"] tail /var/log/messages[/cmd]
Code: Select all
Mar 31 14:34:05 Vega@acottag kernel: Root mount waiting for: usbus1
Mar 31 14:34:05 Vega@acottag last message repeated 2 times
Mar 31 14:34:05 Vega@acottag kernel: uhub1: 8 ports with 8 removable, self powered
Mar 31 14:34:05 Vega@acottag kernel: Trying to mount root from ufs:/dev/ad0s1a
Mar 31 14:35:20 Vega@acottag login: ROOT LOGIN (root) ON ttyv0
Mar 31 14:35:27 Vega@acottag root: Unknown USB device: vendor 0x16d5 product 0x6501 bus uhub0
Mar 31 14:35:27 Vega@acottag kernel: ugen0.2: <AnyDATA Corporation> at usbus0
Mar 31 14:35:27 Vega@acottag kernel: ubsa0: <Data Interface> on usbus0
Vega@acottag#


There is a device /dev/ugen0.2 referenced by line
Code: Select all
Mar 31 14:35:27 Vega@acottag kernel: ugen0.2: <AnyDATA Corporation> at usbus0


Step 2 - Manually connect to modem, using ppp comand.
-----------------------------------------------------
Step 2.1 - Start ppp.
---------------------
Type [cmd=]ppp[/cmd] at shell prompt:
[cmd="Vega@acottag#"]ppp[/cmd]
Code: Select all
Loading /lib/libalias_cuseeme.so
Loading /lib/libalias_irc.so
Loading /lib/libalias_nbt.so
Loading /lib/libalias_pptp.so
Loading /lib/libalias_smedia.so
Working in interactive mode
Using interface: tun0
ppp ON Vega@acottag>


The [cmd=]ppp[/cmd] command prompt returns.

Step 2.2 - Set ppp device.
--------------------------
Type [cmd=]set device /dev/ugen0.2[/cmd] at [cmd=]ppp[/cmd] command line:

[cmd=]ppp ON Vega@acottag> set device /dev/ugen0.2[/cmd]
Code: Select all
ppp ON Vega@acottag>


The [cmd=]ppp[/cmd] command prompt returns.

Step 2.3 - Set device speed.
----------------------------
Type [cmd=]set speed 115200[/cmd] at [cmd=]ppp[/cmd] command line:

[cmd=]ppp ON Vega@acottag> set speed 115200[/cmd]
Code: Select all
ppp ON Vega@acottag>


The [cmd=]ppp[/cmd] command prompt returns.

Step 2.4 - Enter terminal mode in ppp.
--------------------------------------
Type command [cmd=]term:[/cmd]
[cmd="Vega@acottag#"]ppp ON Vega@acottag> term[/cmd]
Code: Select all
warning deflink: Entering terminal mode on /dev/ugen0.2
type ’~?’ for help
ppp ON Vega@acottag>


The [cmd=]ppp[/cmd] command prompt returns.

Step 2.5 - Issue comand AT to modem.
------------------------------------
Type command [cmd=]at[/cmd]:
[cmd=]ppp ON Vega@acottag> at[/cmd]
Code: Select all
Warning at: command: Invalid command
Warning at: Failed 1
ppp ON Vega@acottag>


In this example, the modem is not working with the computer, still; this could maybe predicted to happen, after message
Code: Select all
Mar 31 14:35:27 Vega@acottag root: Unknown USB device: vendor 0x16d5 product 0x6501 bus uhub0

got in Step 1.

Please help.

Thanks in advance.
acottag
Junior Member
 
Posts: 13
Joined: 27 Mar 2010, 14:03

Postby jb_fvwm2 » 01 Apr 2010, 19:46

Back when I used a 56k modem,
in one TTY the ppp.conf would be in
the background working while...
Code: Select all
atz
atdt
dial 1310.....
(sometimes name, password after that...)

while the other end of the connection would
change the ppp prompt to ppP pPP PPP (1...2...3...)
or vice versa, if all three CAPITALIZED then
the connetion PPP was established and one
could change to another ttys and have an
internet connection.
I always set
set log local Phase Chat Connect LCP IPCP CCP CBCP tun command
(all on one line) in ppp.conf so progress/error messages were
onscreen pre-PPP rather than in a log file.
(note that TUN maybe has changed since then to something
else)
...
Maybe part of the information above might help.
OTOH I searched far and wide for cellular modem
howto's and went with another equal-cost solution..
jb_fvwm2
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Posts: 1502
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Postby aragon » 01 Apr 2010, 21:58

Disconnect your modem from the USB port and then run:

Code: Select all
kldload u3g
kldload usba


Reinsert your modem. Device attachment logs in [file]/var/log/messages[/file] should be different now (no ugen0.0), and there should be a TTY device in [file]/dev[/file] now.

Code: Select all
ls -l /dev/ttyU*


Now you just need to figure out which TTY device is the correct one, and add that to [file]ppp.conf[/file].
aragon
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Joined: 16 Nov 2008, 17:04
Location: Cape Town, South Africa

Postby acottag » 07 Apr 2010, 20:59

Following the sugested procedure.

Code: Select all
kldload u3g
kldload usba

1. Test if drivers u3g and ubsa are loaded.
1.1 Driver u3g:

Code: Select all
Vega@acottag# kldload u3g
module_register: module uhub/u3g already exists!
Module uhub/u3g failed to register: 17
kldload: cant't load u3g: File exists


1.2 Driver ubsa:

Code: Select all
Vega@acottag# kldload ubsa
module_register: module uhub/ubsa already exists!
Module uhub/ubsa failed to register: 17
kldload: cant't load ubsa: File exists


These messages are displayed (I believe) because the two modules, u3g and ubsa, are statically compiled in the kernel, as defined in kernel configuration file [file]/usr/src/sys/i386/conf/GENERIC[/file]:
Code: Select all
(...)
# USB Serial devices
device      u3g      # USB-based 3G modems (Option, Huawei, Sierra)
device      uark      # Technologies ARK3116 based serial adapters
device      ubsa      # Belkin F5U103 and compatible serial adapters
device      uftdi      # For FTDI usb serial adapters
device      uipaq      # Some WinCE based devices
device      uplcom      # Prolific PL-2303 serial adapters
device      uslcom      # SI Labs CP2101/CP2102 serial adapters
device      uvisor      # Visor and Palm devices
device      uvscom      # USB serial support for DDI pocket's PHS
(...)

2. Reinsert modem cable; give command [cmd=]tail /var/log/messages[/cmd]:

Code: Select all
Vega@acottag# tail /var/log/messages:
Mar 31 14:35:27 Vega@acottag root: Unknown USB device: vendor 0x16d5 product 0x6501 bus uhub0
Mar 31 14:35:27 Vega@acottag kernel: ugen0.2: <AnyDATA Corporation> at usbus0
Mar 31 14:35:27 Vega@acottag kernel: ubsa0: <Data Interface> on usbus0



3. List /dev/tty* devices:

ls -l /dev/ttyU*


Code: Select all
Vega@acottag# ls -ld /dev/tty*
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  86 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyU0
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  87 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyU0.init
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  88 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyU0.lock
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  39 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyv0
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  40 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyv1
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  41 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyv2
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  42 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyv3
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  43 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyv4
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  44 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyv5
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  45 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyv6
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  46 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyv7
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  47 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyv8
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  48 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyv9
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  49 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyva
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  50 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyvb
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  51 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyvc
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  52 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyvd
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  53 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyve
crw------- 1 root wheel  0,  54 Apr  2 20:21 /dev/ttyvf
Vega@acottag#


Check, device node /dev/ttyU0 is created by the system.

4. Define the device and speed in /etc/ppp/ppp.conf as follows.

Now you just need to figure out which TTY device is the correct one, and add that to ppp.conf.


Code: Select all
(...)
set device /dev/ttyU0
set speed 115200
(...)


5. Connect manually to the modem using ppp.

5.1 Start ppp:

Code: Select all
Vega@acottag# ppp
Loading /lib/libalias_cuseeme.so
Loading /lib/libalias_irc.so
Loading /lib/libalias_nbt.so
Loading /lib/libalias_pptp.so
Loading /lib/libalias_smedia.so
Working in interactive mode
Using interface: tun0
ppp ON Vega@acottag.net>


5.4 Input term in ppp.

Code: Select all
ppp ON Vega@acottag.net> term
deflink: Entering terminal mode on /dev/ttyU0
Type '~?' fo help
ubsa_cfg_request:369: device request failed, err=USB_ERR_STALLED (ignored)
ubsa_cfg_request:369: device request failed, err=USB_ERR_STALLED (ignored)
(...)
ubsa_cfg_request:369: device request failed, err=USB_ERR_STALLED (ignored)


Error message outputs to fill the screen and the system hangs.

Please help.
:-p
acottag
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Posts: 13
Joined: 27 Mar 2010, 14:03

Postby acottag » 14 Apr 2010, 17:18

Hello!

Does anyone knows where may I find documentation / publications with information regarding device configuration, in order to follow and understand article http://people.freebsd.org/~n_hibma/u3g.html)?

Thanks in advance.
acottag
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Posts: 13
Joined: 27 Mar 2010, 14:03

Postby varda » 16 Apr 2010, 19:47

I've used episodically AnyData ADU-500A on FreeBSD 8.0

Code: Select all
kldload ubsa

Or in /boot/loader.conf to autostart:
Code: Select all
ubsa_load="YES"

Download from project [age and install:
Code: Select all
fetch http://www.draisberghof.de/usb_modeswitch/usb-modeswitch-1.1.1.tar.bz2
fetch http://www.draisberghof.de/usb_modeswitch/usb_modeswitch.setup
tar -xvf usb-modeswitch-1.1.1.tar.bz2
cd usb_modeswitch-1.1.1 && make clean && make
cp usb_modeswitch.conf /etc/usb_modeswitch.setup

'make clean' required because Linux binary included in archive.

Locate info for your modem model in downloaded database usb_modeswitch.setup and copy and paste that portion to /etc/usb_modeswitch.setup

Run once or twice compiled usb_modeswitch watch it output and take a look to system console or dmesg (/var/log/messages) output for changes on usb devices until you get in /dev cuaU0.0 cuaU0.1 ... ttyU0.0 ttyU0.1 ... and supplimental files.

Then you can perform tests manually directly on port:

Code: Select all
cu -s 115200 -l cuaU0.0
ATZ
OK


And other GSM/3G commands. Google around for AT command set and try.

After that you can configure userland PPP /etc/ppp/ppp.conf accordingly to your provider requirements:
Code: Select all
default:
 set log Phase Chat LCP IPCP CCP tun command
 disable pred1 deflate deflate24 protocomp acfcomp shortseq vj
 deny pred1 deflate deflate24 protocomp acfcomp shortseq vj
 set speed 115200

gprs_3g_provider:
 set login
 set device /dev/cuaU0.0
 set phone \#777
 set dial "ABORT BUSY ABORT NO\\sCARRIER \
      TIMEOUT 5 \
           \"\" ATE1 \
      OK-AT-OK ATQ0V1X4 \
      OK \\dATDT\\T \
      TIMEOUT 40 \
      CONNECT"
 set phone \#777
 set authname IF_ANY
 set authkey IF_ANY
 set ifaddr 10.0.0.1/0 10.0.0.2/0 255.255.255.0 0.0.0.0
 add default HISADDR

Start specific ppp process:
Code: Select all
ppp -ddial gprs_3g_provider


Watch ppp log. If everything will OK, reduce log level for ppp and restart it.

It works, tested many times.
varda
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Posts: 104
Joined: 17 Mar 2009, 12:31

Postby jb_fvwm2 » 17 Apr 2010, 03:51

It is good to have that posted howto... I searched hours and
hours for something similar. (Using another
freebsd + wifi solution now...)...

...
Just posting because I can add a bit to it ...
if you add "local" to the "set log" line, messages are
easier to watch, onscreen rather than in a file.
...
and I seem to recall once it is working, it more
immediately notifies one of something amiss as well
as the (maybe) reason(s).
jb_fvwm2
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Posts: 1502
Joined: 16 Nov 2008, 19:19

Postby acottag » 21 Apr 2010, 16:45

Hello!

Following the suggested procedure by varda.

1. Check if module [file]ubsa[/file] is loaded.

Code: Select all
vega# pwd
/root
vega# kldload ubsa
module_register: module uhub/ubsa already exists!
Module uhub/ubsa failed to register: 17
kldload: cant't load ubsa: File exists

This messages agree with the fact that module [file]ubsa[/file] is statically linked with the kernel; I believe this is not a problem.

2. Fetch, extract and make [file]usb_switch[/file].

Code: Select all
#vega fetch http://www.draisberghof.de/usb_modeswitch/usb-modeswitch-1.1.1.tar.bz2
#vega fetch http://www.draisberghof.de/usb_modeswitch/usb_modeswitch.setup
#vega tar -xvf usb-modeswitch-1.1.1.tar.bz2
#vega cd usb_modeswitch-1.1.1 && make clean && make


Ok.

3. Modify [file]usb_modeswitch.setup[/file] to AnyData product configuration.
3.1 Check present directory.

Code: Select all
vega# pwd
/root/usb_modeswitch-1.1.1


3.2 Modify [file]usb_modeswitch.setup[/file].
Resulting [file]usb_modeswitch.setup[/file]:

Code: Select all
# Modified: acottag - 2010-04-21: configuration for AnyData modems
#
# usb_modeswitch.setup
#
#
#
# Last modified: 2010-03-16
#
# Configuration collection for usb_modeswitch, a mode switching tool for
# controlling flip flop (multiple mode) USB devices
#
# Detailed instructions and a friendly forum on the homepage:
# http://www.draisberghof.de/usb_modeswitch
#
# You may want to check for a newer version of this file at:
# http://www.draisberghof.de/usb_modeswitch/usb_modeswitch.setup

CheckSuccess=2
########################################################
# AnyDATA ADU-500A, ADU-510A, ADU-510L, ADU-520A
#
# This ID gets an "Option" treatment by newer kernels.
# Use module option "option_zero_cd=2" with usb-storage.
# A kernel patch to fix the problem is pending
#
# Contributor: Vladimir Poluektov, Gabriel Smolar

DefaultVendor=  0x05c6
DefaultProduct= 0x1000

TargetVendor=   0x16d5
TargetProduct=  0x6502

# only for reference and 0.x versions
# MessageEndpoint=0x08

MessageContent="5553424312345678000000000000061b000000020000000000000000000000"


4. copy [file]usb_modeswitch.setup[/file] to [file]/etc/usb_modeswitch.setup[/file].

Code: Select all
vega# cp usb_modeswitch.conf /etc/usb_modeswitch.setup


5. Run [file]usb_modeswitch[/file].

Code: Select all
vega# ./usb_modeswitch

Looking for target devices...
 No devices in target or class found
Looking for default devices...
 No devices in target or class found. Nothing to do. Bye.


Is it possible that the configuration values need to be changed accordingly to Vendor and Product ID gave by [cmd=]tail /var/log/messages[/cmd]?

Code: Select all
vega# tail /var/log/messages
(...)
Apr 21 14:35:27 Vega@acottag root: Unknown USB device: vendor 0x16d5 product 0x6501 bus uhub0
Apr 21 14:35:27 Vega@acottag kernel: ugen0.2: <AnyDATA Corporation> at usbus0
Apr 21 14:35:27 Vega@acottag kernel: ubsa0: <Data Interface> on usbus0
acottag
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Posts: 13
Joined: 27 Mar 2010, 14:03

Postby varda » 22 Apr 2010, 07:19

Take a look for the difference between configuration file
Code: Select all
TargetVendor=   0x16d5
TargetProduct=  0x6502

and your real device detected by OS
Code: Select all
Apr 21 14:35:27 Vega@acottag root: Unknown USB device: vendor 0x16d5 product 0x6501 bus uhub0

That mean it's not exactly one from a list of AnyDATA ADU-500A, ADU-510A, ADU-510L, ADU-520A. 0x6502 != 0x6501. Probably slightly different product. Try to set
Code: Select all
TargetProduct=  0x6501
in usb_modeswitch.setup and make sure that correct path to it compilled in executable binary.
varda
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Posts: 104
Joined: 17 Mar 2009, 12:31

Postby varda » 22 Apr 2010, 07:48

Also I've forget to say that usb_modeswitch required if your modem seen as flash or CD drive with Windows/MacOS drivers at the first time. So this program switch it to modem mode. May be this's not you case. In config file
Code: Select all
DefaultVendor=  0x05c6
DefaultProduct= 0x1000

means that tou device first detected as described above and then switched/redetected to device identified below.
Code: Select all
TargetVendor=   0x16d5
TargetProduct=  0x6502

As I understand you have FreeBSD 7 version and have ttyU0 in /dev after plugging modem. Also there should be cuaU0 device. That mean everything all rigth with your usb stick, OS sees it. Try to connect on it directly and run AT commands:
Code: Select all
cu -s 115200 -l cuaU0
ATZ

Also this device present in:
Code: Select all
grep 0x6501 /src/sys/dev/usb/usbdevs
product ANYDATA ADU_E100X       0x6501  CDMA 2000 1xRTT/EV-DO USB Modem
varda
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Posts: 104
Joined: 17 Mar 2009, 12:31

Postby acottag » 28 Apr 2010, 13:49

Good day.

Just to keep ideas organized.

1.
As I understand you have FreeBSD 7 version and have ttyU0 in /dev after plugging modem.


I am running FreeBSD RELEASE 8.0. Is it possible that this may constitutes a problem?

2.
That mean it's not exactly one from a list of AnyDATA ADU-500A, ADU-510A, ADU-510L, ADU-520A. 0x6502 != 0x6501. Probably slightly different product. Try to set
Code: Select all
TargetProduct=  0x6501



Running usb_modeswitch with TargetProduct changed to 0x6501 in /etc/usb_modeswitch.setup now does return a message informing that target product is found.

The output
Code: Select all
vega# pwd
vega# /root/usb-modeswitch-1.1.1
vega# ./usb_modeswitch
Looking for target devices ...
 Found devices in terget mode or class(1)
Looking for default devices...
 No devices in default mode or class found. Nothing to do. Bye.

is shown with with the following [file]/etc/usb_modeswitch.setup[/file]:

Code: Select all
# Modified: acottag - 2010-04-28: configuration for AnyData modems
#
# usb_modeswitch.setup
#
#
#
# Last modified: 2010-03-16
#
# Configuration collection for usb_modeswitch, a mode switching tool for
# controlling flip flop (multiple mode) USB devices
#
# Detailed instructions and a friendly forum on the homepage:
# http://www.draisberghof.de/usb_modeswitch
#
# You may want to check for a newer version of this file at:
# http://www.draisberghof.de/usb_modeswitch/usb_modeswitch.setup

;CheckSuccess=2
########################################################
# AnyDATA ADU-500A, ADU-510A, ADU-510L, ADU-520A
#
# This ID gets an "Option" treatment by newer kernels.
# Use module option "option_zero_cd=2" with usb-storage.
# A kernel patch to fix the problem is pending
#
# Contributor: Vladimir Poluektov, Gabriel Smolar

DefaultVendor=  0x05c6
DefaultProduct= 0x1000

TargetVendor=   0x16d5
TargetProduct=  0x6501

# only for reference and 0.x versions
# MessageEndpoint=0x08

MessageContent="5553424312345678000000000000061b000000020000000000000000000000"

The modem being used is the AnyData ADU-BAT-100, which is probably similar to
Code: Select all
product ANYDATA ADU_E100X       0x6501  CDMA 2000 1xRTT/EV-DO USB Modem

mentioned in [file]/usr/src/sys/dev/usb/usbdevs[/file]; note, though, that usbdevs is used no more, starting from FreeBSD version 8.0.


3.
Also there should be cuaU0 device.


Yes, device [file]cuaU0[/file] is shown:

Code: Select all
vega# ls /dev/cuaU0*
/dev/cuaU0 /dev/cuaU0.init /dev/cuaU0.lock


4.
Also I've forget to say that usb_modeswitch required if your modem seen as flash or CD drive with Windows/MacOS drivers at the first time. So this program switch it to modem mode. May be this's not you case.


I am inclined to believe that usb_modeswitch is not needed, as well, since devices appear as mentioned in 3. above, and when the modem is plugged the system reports VendorID and ProductID as 0x16d5 and 0x6502, directly, without any reference to values like 0x05c6 and 0x1000 being made, as shown by

Code: Select all
vega# tail /var/log/messages
Apr 28 14:35:27 Vega@acottag root: Unknown USB device: vendor 0x16d5 product 0x6501 bus uhub0
Apr 28 14:35:27 Vega@acottag kernel: ugen0.2: <AnyDATA Corporation> at usbus0
Apr 28 14:35:27 Vega@acottag kernel: ubsa0: <Data Interface> on usbus0


4. Finnaly, when I type
Code: Select all
root# cu -s 115200 -l cuaU0
, I get the following error message filling the rest of the screen:

Code: Select all
ubsa_cfg_request:369: device request failed, err=USB_ERR_STALLED (ignored)
ubsa_cfg_request:369: device request failed, err=USB_ERR_STALLED (ignored)
ubsa_cfg_request:369: device request failed, err=USB_ERR_STALLED (ignored)

(...)
Code: Select all
ubsa_cfg_request:369: device request failed, err=USB_ERR_STALLED (ignored)


and the system hangs.

Should I try FreeBSD version 7.3 to check if the same error occurs?

Please help.
Thanks in advance.
acottag
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Posts: 13
Joined: 27 Mar 2010, 14:03

Postby varda » 28 Apr 2010, 21:30

It seems that you don't need usb_modeswitch since you stick not appeared as flash or CD drive after inserting. Please try with loaded ubsa only. Try with u3g only. Try on fresh installed OS. Try on another machine. Try with another modem...
varda
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