Dtrace pid and usdt providers?

SchwarzerVossatka

New Member

Reaction score: 4
Messages: 14

Hello. I use FreeBSD 11. Output of uname -a:

Code:
FreeBSD vonbraun.home 11.0-RELEASE-p2 FreeBSD 11.0-RELEASE-p2 #2 4f0ac13(releng/11.0): Fri Oct 28 12:36:31 MSK 2016     root@vonbraun.home:/usr/obj/usr/src/sys/MYKERNEL11.0  amd64

This is my kernel configuration:


Code:
#
# GENERIC -- Generic kernel configuration file for FreeBSD/amd64
#
# For more information on this file, please read the config(5) manual page,
# and/or the handbook section on Kernel Configuration Files:
#
#    http://www.FreeBSD.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/kernelconfig-config.html
#
# The handbook is also available locally in /usr/share/doc/handbook
# if you've installed the doc distribution, otherwise always see the
# FreeBSD World Wide Web server (http://www.FreeBSD.org/) for the
# latest information.
#
# An exhaustive list of options and more detailed explanations of the
# device lines is also present in the ../../conf/NOTES and NOTES files.
# If you are in doubt as to the purpose or necessity of a line, check first
# in NOTES.
#
# $FreeBSD$

cpu       HAMMER
ident       GENERIC

makeoptions   DEBUG=-g       # Build kernel with gdb(1) debug symbols
makeoptions   WITH_CTF=1       # Run ctfconvert(1) for DTrace support

options       HZ=1000
options    SCHED_ULE       # ULE scheduler
options    PREEMPTION       # Enable kernel thread preemption
options    INET           # InterNETworking
options    INET6           # IPv6 communications protocols
options    IPSEC           # IP (v4/v6) security
options    TCP_OFFLOAD       # TCP offload
options    SCTP           # Stream Control Transmission Protocol
options    FFS           # Berkeley Fast Filesystem
options    SOFTUPDATES       # Enable FFS soft updates support
options    UFS_ACL           # Support for access control lists
options    UFS_DIRHASH       # Improve performance on big directories
options    UFS_GJOURNAL       # Enable gjournal-based UFS journaling
options    QUOTA           # Enable disk quotas for UFS
options    MD_ROOT           # MD is a potential root device
options    NFSCL           # Network Filesystem Client
options    NFSD           # Network Filesystem Server
options    NFSLOCKD       # Network Lock Manager
options    NFS_ROOT       # NFS usable as /, requires NFSCL
options    MSDOSFS           # MSDOS Filesystem
options    CD9660           # ISO 9660 Filesystem
options    PROCFS           # Process filesystem (requires PSEUDOFS)
options    PSEUDOFS       # Pseudo-filesystem framework
options    GEOM_PART_GPT       # GUID Partition Tables.
options    GEOM_RAID       # Soft RAID functionality.
options    GEOM_LABEL       # Provides labelization
options    COMPAT_FREEBSD32   # Compatible with i386 binaries
options    COMPAT_FREEBSD4       # Compatible with FreeBSD4
options    COMPAT_FREEBSD5       # Compatible with FreeBSD5
options    COMPAT_FREEBSD6       # Compatible with FreeBSD6
options    COMPAT_FREEBSD7       # Compatible with FreeBSD7
options    COMPAT_FREEBSD9       # Compatible with FreeBSD9
options    COMPAT_FREEBSD10   # Compatible with FreeBSD10
options    SCSI_DELAY=5000       # Delay (in ms) before probing SCSI
options    KTRACE           # ktrace(1) support
options    STACK           # stack(9) support
options    SYSVSHM           # SYSV-style shared memory
options    SYSVMSG           # SYSV-style message queues
options    SYSVSEM           # SYSV-style semaphores
options    _KPOSIX_PRIORITY_SCHEDULING # POSIX P1003_1B real-time extensions
options    PRINTF_BUFR_SIZE=128   # Prevent printf output being interspersed.
options    KBD_INSTALL_CDEV   # install a CDEV entry in /dev
options    HWPMC_HOOKS       # Necessary kernel hooks for hwpmc(4)
options    AUDIT           # Security event auditing
options    CAPABILITY_MODE       # Capsicum capability mode
options    CAPABILITIES       # Capsicum capabilities
options    MAC           # TrustedBSD MAC Framework
options    KDTRACE_FRAME       # Ensure frames are compiled in
options    KDTRACE_HOOKS       # Kernel DTrace hooks
options    DDB_CTF           # Kernel ELF linker loads CTF data
options    INCLUDE_CONFIG_FILE   # Include this file in kernel
options    RACCT           # Resource accounting framework
options    RACCT_DEFAULT_TO_DISABLED # Set kern.racct.enable=0 by default
options    RCTL           # Resource limits

# Debugging support.  Always need this:
options    KDB           # Enable kernel debugger support.
options    KDB_TRACE       # Print a stack trace for a panic.

# Firewall
options       IPFIREWALL
options       IPFIREWALL_DEFAULT_TO_ACCEPT

# Make an SMP-capable kernel by default
options    SMP           # Symmetric MultiProcessor Kernel
options    DEVICE_NUMA       # I/O Device Affinity

# CPU frequency control
device       cpufreq

# Bus support.
device       acpi
options    ACPI_DMAR
device       pci
options    PCI_HP           # PCI-Express native HotPlug
options       PCI_IOV           # PCI SR-IOV support

# Floppy drives
device       fdc

# ATA controllers
device       ahci           # AHCI-compatible SATA controllers
device       ata           # Legacy ATA/SATA controllers
device       mvs           # Marvell 88SX50XX/88SX60XX/88SX70XX/SoC SATA
device       siis           # SiliconImage SiI3124/SiI3132/SiI3531 SATA

# SCSI Controllers
device       ahc           # AHA2940 and onboard AIC7xxx devices
options    AHC_REG_PRETTY_PRINT   # Print register bitfields in debug
                   # output.  Adds ~128k to driver.
device       ahd           # AHA39320/29320 and onboard AIC79xx devices
options    AHD_REG_PRETTY_PRINT   # Print register bitfields in debug
                   # output.  Adds ~215k to driver.
device       esp           # AMD Am53C974 (Tekram DC-390(T))
device       hptiop           # Highpoint RocketRaid 3xxx series
device       isp           # Qlogic family
#device       ispfw           # Firmware for QLogic HBAs- normally a module
device       mpt           # LSI-Logic MPT-Fusion
device       mps           # LSI-Logic MPT-Fusion 2
device       mpr           # LSI-Logic MPT-Fusion 3
#device       ncr           # NCR/Symbios Logic
device       sym           # NCR/Symbios Logic (newer chipsets + those of `ncr')
device       trm           # Tekram DC395U/UW/F DC315U adapters

device       adv           # Advansys SCSI adapters
device       adw           # Advansys wide SCSI adapters
device       aic           # Adaptec 15[012]x SCSI adapters, AIC-6[23]60.
device       bt           # Buslogic/Mylex MultiMaster SCSI adapters
device       isci           # Intel C600 SAS controller

# ATA/SCSI peripherals
device       scbus           # SCSI bus (required for ATA/SCSI)
device       ch           # SCSI media changers
device       da           # Direct Access (disks)
device       sa           # Sequential Access (tape etc)
device       cd           # CD
device       pass           # Passthrough device (direct ATA/SCSI access)
device       ses           # Enclosure Services (SES and SAF-TE)
#device       ctl           # CAM Target Layer

# RAID controllers interfaced to the SCSI subsystem
device       amr           # AMI MegaRAID
device       arcmsr           # Areca SATA II RAID
device       ciss           # Compaq Smart RAID 5*
device       dpt           # DPT Smartcache III, IV - See NOTES for options
device       hptmv           # Highpoint RocketRAID 182x
device       hptnr           # Highpoint DC7280, R750
device       hptrr           # Highpoint RocketRAID 17xx, 22xx, 23xx, 25xx
device       hpt27xx           # Highpoint RocketRAID 27xx
device       iir           # Intel Integrated RAID
device       ips           # IBM (Adaptec) ServeRAID
device       mly           # Mylex AcceleRAID/eXtremeRAID
device       twa           # 3ware 9000 series PATA/SATA RAID
device       tws           # LSI 3ware 9750 SATA+SAS 6Gb/s RAID controller

# RAID controllers
device       aac           # Adaptec FSA RAID
device       aacp           # SCSI passthrough for aac (requires CAM)
device       aacraid           # Adaptec by PMC RAID
device       ida           # Compaq Smart RAID
device       mfi           # LSI MegaRAID SAS
device       mlx           # Mylex DAC960 family
device       mrsas           # LSI/Avago MegaRAID SAS/SATA, 6Gb/s and 12Gb/s
device       pmspcv           # PMC-Sierra SAS/SATA Controller driver
#XXX pointer/int warnings
#device       pst           # Promise Supertrak SX6000
device       twe           # 3ware ATA RAID

# NVM Express (NVMe) support
device       nvme           # base NVMe driver
device       nvd           # expose NVMe namespaces as disks, depends on nvme

# atkbdc0 controls both the keyboard and the PS/2 mouse
device       atkbdc           # AT keyboard controller
device       atkbd           # AT keyboard
device       psm           # PS/2 mouse

device       kbdmux           # keyboard multiplexer

#device       vga           # VGA video card driver
#options    VESA           # Add support for VESA BIOS Extensions (VBE)

#device       splash           # Splash screen and screen saver support

# syscons is the default console driver, resembling an SCO console
#device       sc
#options    SC_PIXEL_MODE       # add support for the raster text mode

# vt is the new video console driver
device       vt
device       vt_vga
device       vt_efifb
options       TERMINAL_KERN_ATTR=(FG_WHITE|BG_BLACK)
options       TERMINAL_NORM_ATTR=(FG_GREEN|BG_BLACK)

device       agp           # support several AGP chipsets

# PCCARD (PCMCIA) support
# PCMCIA and cardbus bridge support
device       cbb           # cardbus (yenta) bridge
device       pccard           # PC Card (16-bit) bus
device       cardbus           # CardBus (32-bit) bus

# Serial (COM) ports
device       uart           # Generic UART driver

# Parallel port
device       ppc
device       ppbus           # Parallel port bus (required)
device       lpt           # Printer
device       ppi           # Parallel port interface device
#device       vpo           # Requires scbus and da

device       puc           # Multi I/O cards and multi-channel UARTs

# PCI Ethernet NICs.
device       bxe           # Broadcom NetXtreme II BCM5771X/BCM578XX 10GbE
device       de           # DEC/Intel DC21x4x (``Tulip'')
device       em           # Intel PRO/1000 Gigabit Ethernet Family
device       igb           # Intel PRO/1000 PCIE Server Gigabit Family
device       ix           # Intel PRO/10GbE PCIE PF Ethernet
device       ixv           # Intel PRO/10GbE PCIE VF Ethernet
device       ixl           # Intel XL710 40Gbe PCIE Ethernet
device       ixlv           # Intel XL710 40Gbe VF PCIE Ethernet
device       le           # AMD Am7900 LANCE and Am79C9xx PCnet
device       ti           # Alteon Networks Tigon I/II gigabit Ethernet
device       txp           # 3Com 3cR990 (``Typhoon'')
device       vx           # 3Com 3c590, 3c595 (``Vortex'')

# PCI Ethernet NICs that use the common MII bus controller code.
# NOTE: Be sure to keep the 'device miibus' line in order to use these NICs!
device       miibus           # MII bus support
device       ae           # Attansic/Atheros L2 FastEthernet
device       age           # Attansic/Atheros L1 Gigabit Ethernet
device       alc           # Atheros AR8131/AR8132 Ethernet
device       ale           # Atheros AR8121/AR8113/AR8114 Ethernet
device       bce           # Broadcom BCM5706/BCM5708 Gigabit Ethernet
device       bfe           # Broadcom BCM440x 10/100 Ethernet
device       bge           # Broadcom BCM570xx Gigabit Ethernet
device       cas           # Sun Cassini/Cassini+ and NS DP83065 Saturn
device       dc           # DEC/Intel 21143 and various workalikes
device       et           # Agere ET1310 10/100/Gigabit Ethernet
device       fxp           # Intel EtherExpress PRO/100B (82557, 82558)
device       gem           # Sun GEM/Sun ERI/Apple GMAC
device       hme           # Sun HME (Happy Meal Ethernet)
device       jme           # JMicron JMC250 Gigabit/JMC260 Fast Ethernet
device       lge           # Level 1 LXT1001 gigabit Ethernet
device       msk           # Marvell/SysKonnect Yukon II Gigabit Ethernet
device       nfe           # nVidia nForce MCP on-board Ethernet
device       nge           # NatSemi DP83820 gigabit Ethernet
device       pcn           # AMD Am79C97x PCI 10/100 (precedence over 'le')
device       re           # RealTek 8139C+/8169/8169S/8110S
device       rl           # RealTek 8129/8139
device       sf           # Adaptec AIC-6915 (``Starfire'')
device       sge           # Silicon Integrated Systems SiS190/191
device       sis           # Silicon Integrated Systems SiS 900/SiS 7016
device       sk           # SysKonnect SK-984x & SK-982x gigabit Ethernet
device       ste           # Sundance ST201 (D-Link DFE-550TX)
device       stge           # Sundance/Tamarack TC9021 gigabit Ethernet
device       tl           # Texas Instruments ThunderLAN
device       tx           # SMC EtherPower II (83c170 ``EPIC'')
device       vge           # VIA VT612x gigabit Ethernet
device       vr           # VIA Rhine, Rhine II
device       wb           # Winbond W89C840F
device       xl           # 3Com 3c90x (``Boomerang'', ``Cyclone'')

# Wireless NIC cards
device       wlan           # 802.11 support
options    IEEE80211_DEBUG       # enable debug msgs
options    IEEE80211_AMPDU_AGE   # age frames in AMPDU reorder q's
options    IEEE80211_SUPPORT_MESH   # enable 802.11s draft support
device       wlan_wep       # 802.11 WEP support
device       wlan_ccmp       # 802.11 CCMP support
device       wlan_tkip       # 802.11 TKIP support
device       wlan_amrr       # AMRR transmit rate control algorithm
device       an           # Aironet 4500/4800 802.11 wireless NICs.
device       ath           # Atheros NICs
device       ath_pci           # Atheros pci/cardbus glue
device       ath_hal           # pci/cardbus chip support
options    AH_SUPPORT_AR5416   # enable AR5416 tx/rx descriptors
options    AH_AR5416_INTERRUPT_MITIGATION # AR5416 interrupt mitigation
options    ATH_ENABLE_11N       # Enable 802.11n support for AR5416 and later
device       ath_rate_sample       # SampleRate tx rate control for ath
#device       bwi           # Broadcom BCM430x/BCM431x wireless NICs.
#device       bwn           # Broadcom BCM43xx wireless NICs.
device       ipw           # Intel 2100 wireless NICs.
device       iwi           # Intel 2200BG/2225BG/2915ABG wireless NICs.
device       iwn           # Intel 4965/1000/5000/6000 wireless NICs.
device       malo           # Marvell Libertas wireless NICs.
device       mwl           # Marvell 88W8363 802.11n wireless NICs.
device       ral           # Ralink Technology RT2500 wireless NICs.
device       wi           # WaveLAN/Intersil/Symbol 802.11 wireless NICs.
device       wpi           # Intel 3945ABG wireless NICs.

# Pseudo devices.
device       loop           # Network loopback
device       random           # Entropy device
device       padlock_rng       # VIA Padlock RNG
device       rdrand_rng       # Intel Bull Mountain RNG
device       ether           # Ethernet support
device       vlan           # 802.1Q VLAN support
device       tun           # Packet tunnel.
device       md           # Memory "disks"
device       gif           # IPv6 and IPv4 tunneling
device       firmware       # firmware assist module

# The `bpf' device enables the Berkeley Packet Filter.
# Be aware of the administrative consequences of enabling this!
# Note that 'bpf' is required for DHCP.
device       bpf           # Berkeley packet filter

# USB support
options    USB_DEBUG       # enable debug msgs
device       uhci           # UHCI PCI->USB interface
device       ohci           # OHCI PCI->USB interface
device       ehci           # EHCI PCI->USB interface (USB 2.0)
device       xhci           # XHCI PCI->USB interface (USB 3.0)
device       usb           # USB Bus (required)
device       ukbd           # Keyboard
device       umass           # Disks/Mass storage - Requires scbus and da

# Sound support
device       sound           # Generic sound driver (required)
device       snd_cmi           # CMedia CMI8338/CMI8738
device       snd_csa           # Crystal Semiconductor CS461x/428x
device       snd_emu10kx       # Creative SoundBlaster Live! and Audigy
device       snd_es137x       # Ensoniq AudioPCI ES137x
device       snd_hda           # Intel High Definition Audio
device       snd_ich           # Intel, NVidia and other ICH AC'97 Audio
device       snd_via8233       # VIA VT8233x Audio

# MMC/SD
device       mmc           # MMC/SD bus
device       mmcsd           # MMC/SD memory card
device       sdhci           # Generic PCI SD Host Controller

# VirtIO support
device       virtio           # Generic VirtIO bus (required)
device       virtio_pci       # VirtIO PCI device
device       vtnet           # VirtIO Ethernet device
device       virtio_blk       # VirtIO Block device
device       virtio_scsi       # VirtIO SCSI device
device       virtio_balloon       # VirtIO Memory Balloon device

# HyperV drivers and enhancement support
device       hyperv           # HyperV drivers

# Xen HVM Guest Optimizations
# NOTE: XENHVM depends on xenpci.  They must be added or removed together.
options    XENHVM           # Xen HVM kernel infrastructure
device       xenpci           # Xen HVM Hypervisor services driver

# VMware support
device       vmx           # VMware VMXNET3 Ethernet

# Netmap provides direct access to TX/RX rings on supported NICs
device       netmap           # netmap(4) support

# The crypto framework is required by IPSEC
device       crypto           # Required by IPSEC

When I load dtrace kernel modules:

Code:
kldload dtrace
kldload dtraceall

I see only these providers:
Code:
root@vonbraun:~ # sysctl debug.dtrace.providers
debug.dtrace.providers: dtrace profile syscall vm mac_framework mac opencrypto sctp udp tcp ip vfs io sched callout_execute sdt racct proc priv lockstat xbb random fbt nfscl dtmalloc

Here https://wiki.freebsd.org/DTrace/userland you can find, that pid provider must be present since FreeBSD 9.0. So where is it? I want to replace internal counters in my software with Dtrace USDT probes. Can I do it in the recent FreeBSD version?
 
Last edited by a moderator:
OP
S

SchwarzerVossatka

New Member

Reaction score: 4
Messages: 14

Never edit GENERIC! Create a new config file and make sure to set the ident correctly.

Handbook: 24.3. Enabling DTrace Support

Hello! May I ask why do you have an impression, that my GENERIC config is modified? I have a modification of GENERIC called MYKERNEL11.0 That is exactly what uname returns. I also have all options from you link enabled, you can see it by yourself. So your answer is not helpful in any way, sorry.

Can you please tell me, do *you* have pid and usdt providers in dtrace -l output?

By the way, dtrace works for me, it only lacks the mentioned providers.
 

kpa

Beastie's Twin

Reaction score: 1,856
Messages: 6,318

The kernel config you posted has only this ident line:

Code:
ident       GENERIC
 
OP
S

SchwarzerVossatka

New Member

Reaction score: 4
Messages: 14

The kernel config you posted has only this ident line:

Code:
ident       GENERIC

Oh, I see. It is just copy of GENERIC, called MYKERNEL11.0 See uname -a output. I don't see why it is relevant to the subject:) Sorry if I confused a few people
 

Bojan Petrović

New Member

Reaction score: 8
Messages: 13

I believe pid provider is actually a class of providers, so it cannot be listed statically. This should work:

Code:
dtrace -n 'pid$target:libc:nanosleep:entry {print("sleeping!")}' -c 'sleep 2'

The provider for process with PID 1402 should be pid1402.
 

Bojan Petrović

New Member

Reaction score: 8
Messages: 13

I wasn't completely correct on this one, members of pid provider class can be listed with the command that you sent in the other thread (dtrace -ln 'pi*:::'), but they seem to be popping into existence only after probe has already been sucessfully installed for a process.


Code:
$ ps -p 1299
 PID TT  STAT    TIME COMMAND
1299 v5  Is+  0:00.00 /usr/libexec/getty Pc ttyv5
$ dtrace -ln 'pi*:::' | grep pid1299
$ dtrace -n 'pid1299:libc:nanosleep:entry' 
dtrace: description 'pid1299:libc:nanosleep:entry' matched 1 probe
^C
$ dtrace -ln 'pi*:::' | grep pid1299
97329    pid1299         libc.so.7                         nanosleep entry
 

Nicola Mingotti

Well-Known Member

Reaction score: 200
Messages: 494

I believe pid provider is actually a class of providers, so it cannot be listed statically. This should work:

Code:
dtrace -n 'pid$target:libc:nanosleep:entry {print("sleeping!")}' -c 'sleep 2'

The provider for process with PID 1402 should be pid1402.

Thank you Bojan Petrović , I confirm. With a little change your oneliner works in FreeBSD-11.2 (x86-64),
I need only to add "*" after libc.
Code:
sudo dtrace -n 'pid$target:libc*:nanosleep:entry ' -c 'sleep 2'


On the other side running the same command in FreeBSD-12.0 (arm) i get an error:

Code:
#> dtrace -n 'pid$target:libc*:nanosleep:entry' -c 'sleep 2'
dtrace: failed to control pid 2582: process died from signal 4


I checked better in the books i am reading (Brendan ones) and he says that "pid" are dynamic probes, so it makes sense I can't see them if i am not probing any pid.

I close this thread, i think the particular problem of not seeing the "pid" probes is solved.
[nope, i don't mark the thread solved because i don't find anymore how to do it:/ ]
 
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